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【世界趣闻录】中国首次进入空间站

飞禽走兽电玩城:来源: 新闻中心   作者: 严佳欣、李楠  摄影:   编辑:严佳欣、李楠  发布时间:2021年06月29日  点击次数:

 

哎 严佳欣,你知道吗?最近,中国航天史上发生了一个重大事件呢!
是不是中国航天员首次进入空间站呢?
对,看来我们国家离航天强国又进了一大步呢?
那我们一起来看看吧。

 

6月17日9时22分,搭载神舟十二号载人飞船的长征二号F遥十二运载火箭,在酒泉卫星发射中心准时点火发射。
t 9:22 on June 17, the Long Mrch 2 F Yo 12 crrier rocket crrying the Shenzhou 12 mnned spcecrft ws ignited nd lunched on time t the Jiuqun Stellite Lunch Center.

 

在神舟十二号载人飞船与天和核心舱成功实现自主快速对接后,航天员乘组从返回舱进入轨道舱。北京时间2021年6月17日18时48分,航天员聂海胜、刘伯明、汤洪波先后进入天和核心舱,标志着中国人首次进入自己的空间站。


 fter the Shenzhou twelve mnned spcecrft successfully relized the utonomous rpid nd docking with the Tinhe core module, the stronut crew entered the oritl module from the return module.  t eighteen forty-eight on June seventeen, two thousnd nd twenty-one, eijing time, stronuts Nie Hisheng, Liu oming, nd Tng Hongo entered the Tinhe core one fter nother, mrking the first time  Chinese hd entered their own spce sttion.

 

6月17日9时22分,搭载神舟十二号载人飞船的长征二号F遥十二运载火箭,在酒泉卫星发射中心点火发射。随后,神舟十二号载人飞船与火箭成功分离,进入预定轨道,顺利将航天员聂海胜、刘伯明、汤洪波送入太空。


t 9:22 on June 17, the Long Mrch 2 F Yo 12 crrier rocket crrying the Shenzhou 12 mnned spcecrft ws ignited nd lunched t the Jiuqun Stellite Lunch Center.  Susequently, the Shenzhou 12 mnned spcecrft successfully seprted from the rocket nd entered the predetermined orit, successfully sending the stronuts Nie Hisheng, Liu oming, nd Tng Hongo into spce.

 

在神舟十二号载人飞船与天和核心舱成功实现自主快速对接后,航天员乘组从返回舱进入轨道舱,并于当日18时48分先后进入天和核心舱,标志着中国人首次进入自己的空间站。后续,航天员乘组将按计划开展相关工作。


fter the Shenzhou twelve mnned spcecrft successfully chieved utonomous rpid nd docking with the Tinhe core module, the stronut crew entered the oritl module from the return module nd entered the Tinhe core module t eighteen forty-eight on the sme dy, mrking the Chinese Entered his own spce sttion for the first time.  In the future, the stronut crew will crry out relted work s plnned.

 

神舟十二号载人飞行是我国空间站建造阶段的首次载人飞行,将进行大量验证积累,对整个空间站任务起到承上启下的作用。


The Shenzhou 12 mnned flight is the first mnned flight during the construction phse of my country's spce sttion.  lrge mount of verifiction nd ccumultion will e crried out, which will ply  role in connecting the whole spce sttion mission.

 

根据任务安排,航天员乘组将 在轨完成4方面主要工作:一是开展核心舱组合体的日常管理。包括天和核心舱在轨测试、再生生保系统验证、机械臂测试与操作训练以及物资与废弃物管理等。二是开展出舱活动及舱外作业。包括舱外服在轨转移、组装、测试,进行两次出舱活动,开展舱外工具箱的组装、全景摄像机抬升和扩展泵组的安装等工作。


ccording to the mission rrngement, the stronut crew will complete four min tsks in orit: First, crry out the dily mngement of the core module ssemly.  Including Tinhe core cin on-orit test, life support system, rootic rm test nd opertion trining, nd wste mngement.  The second is to crry out-of-cin ctivities nd out-of-cin opertions. Including the on-orit trnsfer, ssemly nd testing of the suit, crrying out two out-of-cin ctivities, crrying out the ssemly of the toolox, the lifting nd the extended unit.

 

三是开展空间科学实验和技术试验。进行空间应用任务实验设备的组装和测试,按程序开展空间应用、航天医学领域等实(试)验以及有关科普教育活动。四是进行航天员自身的健康管理。开展日常生活照料、身体锻炼,定期监测、维持与评估自身健康状态。


The third is to crry out spce science experiments nd technologicl experiments.  Crry out the ssemly nd testing of experimentl equipment for spce ppliction missions, nd crry out prcticl (tril) experiments in the fields of spce pplictions nd erospce medicine s well s relted science eduction ctivities ccording to the procedures.  The fourth is to mnge the helth of the stronuts themselves.  Crry out dily cre, physicl exercise, nd regulrly monitor, mintin nd evlute your own helth sttus.

 

神舟十二号载人飞行任务会在太空驻留长达;3个月时间,对航天员的身体、心理素质、知识技能、应急能力等都是巨大挑战。中国载人航天工程航天员系统总设计师黄伟芬告诉记者,针对这些挑战,航天员系统科学规划,设计并实施了八大类百余科目的训练,包括体质训练、心理训练、航天环境耐力适应性训练、生存训练以及大量航天专业技术训练等。

The Shenzhou twelve mnned mission will sty in spce for s long s three months, which will pose  huge chllenge to the stronuts' physicl, mentl qulity, knowledge nd skills, nd  response. Hung Weifen, chief designer of the stronut system of Chin's mnned spce engineering, told reporters tht in response to these chllenges, the stronut system scientificlly plnned, designed nd eight trining in more thn 100 sujects, including physicl trining, psychologicl trining, nd spce environment endurnce trining.  , Survivl trining, nd  lrge numer of professionl technicl trining.

 

在太空中,航天员的重要任务是进行舱外维修维护、设备更换和科学应用载荷等一系列操作,机械臂将成为航天员的得力助手,实施完成大量舱外作业,包括大型设备的搬运和人员的转移,这十分考验航天员在舱外配合使用机械臂的能力。


In spce, the importnt tsk of stronuts is to crry out  series of opertions such s extrvehiculr mintennce, equipment replcement, nd scientific ppliction lods. The rootic rm will ecome the stronut’s right-hnd mn nd perform  lrge numer of extrvehiculr opertions, including the hndling nd hndling of lrge equipment.  The trnsfer of personnel is  test of the stronuts’ ility to use rootic rms outside the cin.

黄伟芬介绍,在日常训练中,航天员要身着水下训练服,被吊车.放到10米深的水槽里,通过使用铅块增加或减少配重,使航天员达到中性浮力状态。通过一次次冲破极限的挑战,不断锤炼航天员对操作的熟悉程度和心理素质。


Hung Weifen sid tht in dily trining, stronuts must wer underwter trining suits nd e plced in  10-meter-deep tnk . y using led locks to increse or decrese the counterweight, the stronuts will rech  stte.  Through repeted chllenges to rek through the limit, the stronuts  with the opertion nd  qulity hve een continuously .

火箭院长二F火箭总指挥荆木春介绍,为确:教煸本园踩,长二F遥十二运载火箭共进行了109项技术状态更改,其中有70余项与可靠性提升相关。


Rocket Den 2F Rocket Commnder Jing Muchun introduced tht in order to ensure the solute sfety of the stronuts, the Chng 2 F Yo 12 lunch vehicle hs crried out  totl of 109 technicl sttus chnges, of which more thn 70 re relted to the improvement of reliility.

 

例如,假如火箭突发意

外情况,逃逸系统启动,逃逸飞行器像“拔萝卜”一样带着返回舱飞离故障火箭。返回舱与逃逸飞行器分离后,打开降落。郝德涞降孛。但开伞过程中,返回舱会受到低空风的极大影响。以前逃逸飞行器只能往一个固定方向逃逸。


For exmple, if there is n unexpected ccident on the rocket, the system is ctivted, nd the escpe tkes the return flies wy from the filed rocket like  "pull  crrot".  fter the return cin is seprted from the escpe , open nd slowly lnd to the ground.  ut in the process of opening , the return will e gretly ffected y the low wind.  In the pst, escping ircrft could only escpe in  fixed direction.

 

研制人员在现有的控制逃逸发动机的基础上,通过对软件进行调整,新增发动机点火功能,使逃逸^飞行器可以向垂直于地面风的方向逃逸,更加安全灵.活。逃逸系统改进后,火箭安全性评估值达0.99996这一国际先进水平。


On the sis of the existing control escpe engine, the developers djusted the softwre nd dded the engine ignition function, so tht the escpe ircrft cn escpe in the direction perpendiculr to the ground wind, mking it sfer nd more flexile.  fter the escpe system ws improved, the rocket sfety ssessment vlue reched 0.99996, which is n interntionlly dvnced level.

 

火箭院长二F火箭总体主任设计师 常武权 通俗地解释了小数点后这一串数字的意义,“就目前的技术状态,长二F遥十二运载火箭需要发射10万次,才会有4次逃逸失败,平均1万次发射,还不到一次逃逸失败。在保障航天员安全方面,比万无一失的水平还要高一些”。

Chng Wuqun, the chief designer of the rocket’s 2F rocket, explined the mening of this series of numers fter the point in  populr wy. “s fr s the stte of technology is concerned, the Chng 2 F Yo twelve rocket needs to e lunched one hundred thousnd times efore it cn e lunched. Four filed, n verge of ten thousnd lunches, nd less thn one filed. In terms of ensuring the sfety of stronuts, the level is higher thn the  level."

 

为确保在紧急条件下接回航天员,神舟团队还开创了天地结合的应急救援任务模式,携带两艘飞船进。梢凰曳纱魑⑸ 飞船的备份,作为遇到突发情况时航天员的生命救援之舟。根据系统,神舟队伍采用“滚动待命' "策略,在前一发载人飞船发射时,后一发载人飞船在发射场待命,并具备8.5天应急发射能力以实现太空救援。


In order to ensure tht the stronuts cn e retrieved under emergency conditions, the Shenzhou tem lso creted n emergency rescue mission mode comining heven nd erth, crrying two spcecrft into the field, nd one spcecrft s  ckup for the lunch of the spcecrft, s n stronut in emergencies.  Life rescue ot.  ccording to the system, the Shenzhou tem dopts  "rolling stndy" strtegy. When the first mnned spcecrft is lunched, the next mnned spcecrft is on stndy t the lunch site nd hs n emergency lunch cpility of 8.5 dys to chieve spce rescue.

 

“进入到空间站阶段,我们将继续加大国际合作与交流的深度和广度。"季启明透露,我国计划在空间站 功能拓展、空间科学与应用、中外航天员联合飞行、技术成果转化等领域开展更加广泛深入的国际合作,使中国空间站成为一个造福全人类的太空实验室。


"Entering the stge of the spce sttion, we will continue to increse the depth nd redth of interntionl coopertion nd exchnges." Ji Qiming reveled tht country plns to develop more in the fields of spce sttion function , spce science nd pplictions, joint flight of Chinese nd foreign stronuts, nd the trnsformtion of chievements. Extensive nd in-depth interntionl hs mde the Chin Spce Sttion  spce tht enefits.



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