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【世界趣闻录】菲利普亲王Prince Philip

飞禽走兽电玩城:来源: 新闻中心   作者: 石婷婷、刘婷  摄影:   编辑:石婷婷  发布时间:2021年06月22日  点击次数:

 

菲利普亲王(1921年6月10日-2021年4月9日),全名菲利普·蒙巴顿,出生于希腊爱奥尼亚群岛克基拉州基拉岛,现任英国女王伊丽莎白二世的丈夫,是原希腊王子,封爱丁堡公爵。菲利普亲王与英国女王伊丽莎白二世结婚70多年,成为英国历史上在位时间最长的君主配偶。
Prince Philip (June 10, 1921 -- April 9, 2021) was born Philip Mountbatten on Kira Island in the Ionian Islands of Greece. He is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. He is the Prince of Greece and the Duke of Edinburgh. Prince Philip has been married to Queen Elizabeth II for more than 70 years, making him the longest-reigning monarch spouse in British history.

 

2021年4月9日,据外媒消息,白金汉宫宣布,菲利普亲王去世,享年99岁,白金汉宫降半旗致哀。4月10日,英国王室发表声明说,菲利普亲王的葬礼定于4月17日在温莎城堡内举行
On April 9, 2021, Buckingham Palace announced that the Duke of Edinburgh has died at the age of 99. Flags at Buckingham Palace were flown at half-staff. Prince Philip's funeral will take place on April 17 at Windsor Castle, the royal family said in a statement on April 10

 

菲利普亲王常常被描述成刚硬的保守派。英国独立电视台历时18个月,拍摄了一部名为《公爵:菲利普亲王素描》的纪录片,向人们展示菲利普亲王生活中许多鲜为人知的故事,帮助人们更好地了解这位亲王。
Prince Philip is often portrayed as a hard-nosed conservative. The Duke: Sketches of Prince Philip, an 18-month ITV documentary, aims to help people understand the Duke better by revealing many of the lesser-known stories of his life.

 

由于希土战争中希腊惨败,菲利普亲王的父亲,希腊的安德烈亚斯王子与5名政府大臣和军队总司令作为战败的替罪羊而被希腊革命军政府收押,被关押在雅典监狱中等待枪决(另外6人已先于他被杀)
Prince Philip's father, Prince Andreas of Greece, was taken into custody by the Greek Revolutionary Government, along with five government ministers and the army commander, as scapegoats for Greece's defeat in the Greek-Turkish War. They were imprisoned in an Athens prison awaiting execution by firing squad (six others were killed before him).

 

1922年12月,英国海军1艘轻巡洋舰前往雅典举行交涉,最后希腊革命领袖潘格洛斯慑于英国的武力威胁,被迫同意释放安德烈亚斯王子一家。英国舰长用装橘子的木头箱子把一岁大的菲利普及其父母和4个姐姐从希腊带了出来,送到法国。
In December 1922, a British naval corvette to Athens to hold negotiations, the end of the Greek revolutionary leader Panglos deterred by the threat of British force, was forced to agree to the release of Prince Andreas and his family. The British captain brought one-year-old Philip, his parents and four sisters from Greece in a wooden box of oranges and sent them to France.

 

伊丽莎白、菲利普两人的婚礼在1947年11月举行,离他俩第一次见面隔了8年。据传记作家布兰德雷思的介绍,菲利普在婚姻这点上非常固执谨慎。虽然二战期间,在军中服役的菲利普与伊丽莎白一直有书信来往,但是他是在战后第二年才开始真正慎重考虑自己的终身大事。
Elizabeth and Philip were married in November 1947, eight years after they first met. According to biographer Brandreth, Philip was "very stubborn and cautious" about marriage. Although Philip corresponded with Elizabeth while serving in the army during World War II, it was only in the second year after the war that he began to think seriously about his life.

 

为了能与心上人结婚,按照英国《王位继承法》的规定,菲利普放弃了希腊王位继承权,并进行入籍归化手续,但后来查阅王室档案时发现这一程序其实并不需要,因为根据1701年英国国会制订的王位继承法,作为汉诺威选帝侯遗孀索菲娅(英国汉诺威王朝始祖乔治一世之母)的后代,其自降生的那一刻起便自动拥有英国国籍和王族身份。
In order to marry his love, Philip renounced his right to the Greek throne in accordance with the English Act of Succession and went through the process of naturalization, a procedure which a later review of the royal records revealed was not necessary because the Act of Succession made by Parliament in 1701, As a descendant of Sophia, the widow of Elector of Hanover (the mother of George I, the father of Hanover), she automatically has British citizenship and royal status from the moment of her birth.

 

1947年的冬天,英国笼罩在一片阴霾中:缺少煤炭的严冬,定量配给制的实行,印度和缅甸的丧失,冷战的发展,所有一切都给人一种阴沉沉的气氛。
In the winter of 1947, Britain was under a cloud: the winter of coal shortages, rationing, the loss of India and Burma, the development of the cold war, all of which had a gloomy air.

 

好在菲利普和伊丽莎白二世(当时还未登基,仍为公主)的婚礼为郁郁寡欢的英国人带来了几分喜气洋洋的情绪。这对新人收到了大量礼品,其中包括了美国妇女寄来的几百双尼龙丝袜和成打的火鸡
Fortunately, the wedding of Philip to Queen Elizabeth II (who was still a princess, but not yet on the throne) brought a certain amount of jubilation to the sulky British. The couple were showered with gifts, including hundreds of pairs of nylon stockings and dozens of turkeys sent by American women

 

1953年他被授于英国皇家海军元帅、陆军元帅和空军元帅等职。1957年获得亲王头衔;1986年陪同伊丽莎白二世来华访问。
In 1953 he was awarded the rank of Field Marshal, Field Marshal and Air Marshal of the Royal Navy. Obtained the title of Prince in 1957; In1986, he accompanied Queen Elizabeth II on a visit to China.

 

2017年5月4日10时,英国王室宣布菲利普亲王2017年秋天将退休,不再参与公共事务;8月2日,菲利普亲王正式退休。
At 10am on May 4, 2017, the Royal Family announced that Prince Philip will retire from public service in the autumn of 2017; Prince Philip officially retired on August 2.

 

2021年2月,即将迎来百岁生日的菲利普亲王因病被送往伦敦的爱德华七世国王医院。尽管英国王室声明治疗仅是“预防措施”,且菲利普亲王并未感染新冠,但考虑到其近百岁的高龄,他的健康状况仍然牵动人心。
In February 2021, Prince Philip, who was about to celebrate his 100th birthday, was taken ill and admitted to King Edward VII Hospital in London. [14] Although the palace said the treatment was a "precautionary measure" and that Prince Philip had not contracted Coronella, his health is a concern given his advanced age of nearly 100 years.

 

作为英国历史上保持君王配偶身份最长之人,菲利普亲王无论个人生平、还是与伊丽莎白女王的婚姻都充满传奇色彩。
As the longest-serving spouse to a monarch in British history, Prince Philip's life and marriage to Queen Elizabeth are legendary.

 

2021年4月9日,据外媒消息,白金汉宫发表的一份声明称:“女王怀着沉痛的心情宣布了她的丈夫——爱丁堡公爵菲利普亲王在温莎城堡去世。”菲利普亲王享年99岁,白金汉宫降半旗致哀。
"It is with deep sadness that The Queen announces the death of her husband, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, at Windsor Castle," a Buckingham Palace statement said on 9 April 2021, according to foreign media. Flags at Buckingham Palace have flown at half-mast as the Duke of Edinburgh has died aged 99.

 

2021年4月9日,据英国天空新闻网报道,菲利普亲王的最后时光是在温莎城堡和女王一起度过的
On April 9, 2021, Prince Philip spent his final days with the Queen at Windsor Castle, according to Sky News

 

2021年4月9日,天空新闻报道称,根据亲王意愿,他将接受王室礼仪葬礼,而非国葬。据英国天空新闻消息,菲利普亲王的葬礼将在温莎城堡的圣乔治教堂举行。
On April 9, 2021, Sky News reported that the Prince would receive a ceremonial royal funeral, rather than a state funeral, in accordance with his wishes. [12] Prince Philip's funeral will take place at St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle, according to Sky News.

 

2021年4月10日,英国王室发表声明说,菲利普亲王的葬礼定于4月17日在温莎城堡内举行,不会对外公开。
Prince Philip's funeral will take place on April 17 at Windsor Castle and will not be in public, the Royal Household said in a statement released on April 10, 2021.

 

白金汉宫声明说,葬礼定于英国当地时间17日下午3时在温莎城堡内的圣乔治教堂举行。葬礼前,英国将举国默哀一分钟菲利普亲王的遗体会由他亲自设计的路虎车运。此外,白金汉宫表示,哈里王子将会出席葬礼,怀孕的夫人梅根按医生建议,不会出席。
The funeral will take place at 3 p.m. British time in St. George's Chapel at Windsor Castle, Buckingham Palace said in a statement. The country will observe a minute's silence before the funeral, in which Philip's body will be transported in a Land Rover of his own design. Separately, Buckingham Palace has said Prince Harry will attend the funeral, while pregnant Meghan, on medical advice, will not attend.

 

2021年4月17日15时,英国女王丈夫菲利普亲王的葬礼在温莎城堡圣乔治教堂内举行。受疫情影响,仅30人出席葬礼,其中包括哈里王子。葬礼结束后体将安葬在温莎城堡的皇家墓室。
The funeral of the Queen's husband, Prince Philip, took place at St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle at 15:00 on April 17, 2021. As a result of the outbreak, only 30 people attended the funeral, including Prince Harry. After the funeral she will be buried in the Royal Burial Room at Windsor Castle.

 

2021年4月9日,英国首相约翰逊在唐宁街10号为菲利普亲王的逝世发表讲话,宣布“菲利普亲王赢得了几代人的爱戴,今天我们与女王一起哀悼。
Speaking at 10 Downing Street on 9 April 2021, Johnson said: "We mourn with the Queen today a man who has won the love of generations.

 

约翰逊还称,菲利普亲王塑造并激励了无数年轻人的生活。他表示,我们记得菲利普亲王对女王的坚定支持。约翰逊还说,作为一个国家,我们对菲利普亲王的一生表示感谢。
Mr Johnson added that Prince Philip had shaped and inspired the lives of countless young people. 'We remember Philip's unwavering support for the Queen,' he said. 'As a nation, we are grateful for the life of Prince Philip,' Mr. Johnson added.

 

2021年4月9日,联合国秘书长古特雷斯通过发言人发表声明,对英国女王伊丽莎白二世丈夫菲利普亲王逝世表示哀悼。声明说,古特雷斯对菲利普亲王逝世感到悲伤,向英国女王、英国人民表示哀悼。
On April 9, 2021, United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres issued a statement through a spokesman to express his condolences on the death of Queen Elizabeth II's husband, Prince Philip. Guterres was saddened by the death of Prince Philip and expressed his condolences to the Queen and the British people, the statement said.

 

声明说,古特雷斯对菲利普亲王逝世感到悲伤,向英国女王、英国人民表示哀悼。声明说,菲利普亲王作为王室配偶,在60多年的时间里有力支持英国女王履行国家元首的职责。
Guterres was saddened by the death of Prince Philip and expressed his condolences to the Queen and the British people, the statement said. 'As conkind to the Royal Family, Prince Philip has strongly supported the Queen in her role as head of state for more than 60 years,' the statement said.

 

菲利普亲王因致力于慈善事业而闻名,是800多个组织的赞助人,特别是那些致力于环境、工业、体育和教育的组织。在声明中,古特雷斯赞扬菲利普亲王为改善人类福祉所做的积极工作。
Prince Philip is known for his philanthropic work and is patron of more than 800 organisations, particularly those dedicated to the environment, industry, sport and education. In his statement, Guterres praised Prince Philip for his active work to improve the well-being of mankind.

 

俄国总统普京向伊丽莎白二世致慰问电中说,菲利普亲王与英国近代历史上的很多重要事件有关,理所应当受到英国民众的尊重并在国际上享有威望。希望伊丽莎白二世勇敢坚强地面对悲痛以及无法弥补的损失,并请求其向王室所有成员转达诚挚的慰问。
Russian President Vladimir Putin sent a message of condolence to Queen Elizabeth II, saying that Prince Philip was involved in many important events in recent British history and deserved the respect of the British people and the prestige of the world. May Her Majesty face her grief and irreparable loss with courage and strength, and ask her to convey her sincere sympathy to all members of the Royal Family.

 

加拿大总理贾斯廷特鲁多、菲律宾总统杜特尔特等国际政要向菲利普亲王去世表示哀悼和慰问。
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte and other international dignitaries have offered their condolences and sympathy to Prince Philip on his death.


澳大利亚总理莫里森在一份声明中表示:“近80年来,菲利普亲王一直在为他的王室荣誉、他的国家和英联邦服务着。”
"For nearly 80 years, Prince Philip has served his royal honour, his country and the Commonwealth," Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison said in a statement.

 

印度总理莫迪发推文赞誉菲利普亲王一生的功绩,指出“他在军队中功勋卓著,而且是许多社区服务倡议的先锋。愿他的灵魂安息。”
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid tribute to Prince Philip's life of service in a tweet, noting that "he has distinguished himself in the armed forces and spearheaded many community service initiatives. May his soul rest in peace."



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